Virechana Karma

Virechana Karma

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Virechana Karma Therapy

Virechana Karma Therapy

Evacuation of the fecal matter and other accumulation of dosha in the lower gastrointestinal tract through the anal route are known as Virechana karma. Expulsion of the waste from the body is the verbal meaning of the word virechana. For the same reason, all eliminatory procedures are referred by the name virechana in general. In the usage of different terms like shirovirechana, shukravirechana and mutravirechana, The word virechana means mere expulsion. Though this word refers to expulsion of dosha from any route in general, in particular, elimination of dosha by way of inducing purgation is referred by the name virechana. In the present chapter, the term virechana is used to refer the elimination of dosha from the lower gastrointestinal tract through the anal route. Among the three doshas the morbid accumulation of pitta dosha is best eliminated by this procedure. Abnormal accumulation of kapha dosha in the lower gastrointestinal tract.

Snehapan

Snehapana-Abhyantara Sneha Therapy

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Snehapana-Abhyantara Sneha Therapy

Internal administration of the fat substances is referred by the name abhyantarasneha. The word abhyantara refers to the internal route, and the snehana refers to administration of the fat substances. Different methods of the abhyantarasneha are listed below:

  • Snehapana :-  Oral administration of medicated or plain snehana.
  • Snaihikadhuma :-  Inhalation of the smoke through the Nostrils for the snehana effect.
  • Anuvasanabasti :-  Medicated sneha is administered in the form of an enema.

 

Among these different methods of administering the fat substances, snehapana is carried out through the oral route. The snaihikadhuma is administered through the nasal route. Snehana is carried out by rectal route in anuvasana  basti.

Svedana Therapy

Svedana Therapy

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Svedana Therapy

Svedana Therapy

Induction of sweating for therapeutic purpose is referred by the name svedana in Ayurveda. This may be used either for promotion of health or for curing the illness. By definition the procedure that alleviates the stiffness of the body, relieves sense of heaviness, and cures feeling of cold is called as svedana treatment. And these effect are achieved by increasing the natural process of perspiration. Sweat is a form of body waste. According to Ayurveda, sweat is produced during the metabolism of medas vis-à-vis adipose tissue. And this sweat has considerable role in the maintenance of proper balance of body fluids. The process of sweating also involves elimination of waste and toxins from the body. These natural functions of the sweat are utilized for the therapeutic purpose in the svedana procedure. Svedana is a form of treatment, employed to cure specific diseases or to relieve symptoms like pain, stiffness, or contracture that may manifest as a symptom in different diseased conditions.

Udvartana

Udvartana Therapy

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Udvartana Therapy

Udvartana Therapy

The simple procedure of massaging the whole body below the neck with oil or powders of herbs in a direction opposite to the orientation of hair in the body is called as udvartana. Sharira-parimarjana is another name for this procedure. Here the direction of massaging is quite opposite to the one carried out in abhyanga.

Grivabasti

GrivaBasti Therapay

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GrivaBasti Therapay

GrivaBasti Therapay

Quite similar to the katibasti the procedure of applying heat to the cervical region by retaining warm medicated oil with in a specially formed frame on this area is known by the name Grivabasti. This basti is indicated in painful conditions of the cervical region like cervical spondylosis, spondylolisthesis, disc prolapse, ankylosing-pond it is, rheumatoid arthritis etc. The prescription of medicated oil for the therapy is similar to the katibasti.

To carry out the procedure of grivabasti the client is made to sit on a knee high stool, with his arm and head resting on a chest high table kept in front of him. In this position the trunk is slightly bent forwards, the neck is flexed and the forehead is resting on the table. This position of the client is most ideal for the grivabasti as the cervical region remains almost horizontal.GrivaBasti TherapayGrivaBasti TherapayGrivaBasti TherapayGrivaBasti TherapayGri

A frame of black gram paste is made around the painful cervical region. The junction between the frame and skin is sealed to make it leak proof. Warm medicated oil is poured into this frame. This warm oil heats the affected area inducing perspiration. This is followed by massage and fomentation to this part of the body. This is the procedure of grivabasti and is similar to the procedure of katibasti.

 

Dhumapana

Dhumapana Therapy

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Dhumapana Therapy

Dhumapana Therapy

Smoking for the therapeutic purpose using a specially designed instrument or pipe is known by the name Dhumapana. Using a special instrument the herbal powders are burnt and the smoke emitted is inhaled. The accumulation of the kaphadosha in the head, as well as respiratory system, is best cleared by this procedure. Following vamana karma and nasya karma therapeutic smoking is practiced as a follow-up procedure. In disorders like bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis therapeutic smoking is an effective treatment for relieving the symptoms by clearing the passages.

Depending upon the therapeutic effect following varieties of dhumapana is employed.

Netra-Prasadana Karma

Netra-Prasadana Karma

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Netra-Prasadana Karma

Netra-Prasadana Karma

The different therapeutic procedures that are practiced to treat the disorder of the eye as well as to enhance the excellence of its functioning are referred by the name netra-prasadana karma. Which include seka, ashchotana, pindi, vidalaka, tarpana, putapaka and anjana. Among these, the akshitarpana is already discussed under the title bahya snehana.

Eye Treatment

Akshitarpana Therapy

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Akshitarpana Therapy

Akshitarpana Therapy

Unique procedure of application of the sneha to the eyes is called as akshitarpana. This procedure is useful both in healthy as well as diseased persons. In healthy persons, akshitarpana is carried out to protect the eye from degeneration due to ageing process and to improve the eyesight. For the purpose of the therapeutic effects, this procedure is advocated in clients suffering from the disease of the eye. The eye is considered to be a local route of drug administration. Systemic absorption from this route is minimal or absent. In contrast to this, a high concentration of the drug can be achieved locally by applying the medicines to the eye. Thus akshitarpana gives desired results in clients suffering from the diseases of the eye.

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